Thalaikunda

This wetland is located in the Ooty Taluk & is also highly polluted. The source is from the Marlimundh area. The area of the wetland is about 2.378 acres & is 2150 M above sea level. The other half to the left of the road is fenced by the HADP…

Mukurti

Wilderness Bangithapal Rest House at Mukurti National Park is 100 kms from Keystone Office, Kotagiri. It is situated in the western most region of the district bordering Silent Valley in Kerala. There are no human habitations in this upper area. Mainly rolling grasslands, sholas, streams, large rock faces with water…

Numeric criteria Manvayal Permissible limits Observed value pH 6.5-8.5 8 Temperature (0C) 10 24 Coliform Nil Fluoride 1.0 (max) 1.5 Residual Chloride (mg/l) 0.2 0.2 Phosphorous (mg/l) 0.2 Iron (mg/l) 0.3 0.3 Hardness (mg/l) 300-600 120 Chlorides (mg/l) 250-1000 67.355 Ammonia 1.5 1 Turbidity(NTU) less than 5-10 10 Remark Soft…

Manvayal

Rural Situated in Gudalur, Manvayal wetland is situated at an elevation 965m above sea level and lies adjacent to the Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary. The land here is totally owned by the Chettis with the Panniyas as the labourers. The Panniyas have encroached on the adjacent mudumulai land .The main crops…

Padanthorai & Nelliyalam

Rural Nelliyalam is at the lowest elevation amongst the surveyed wetlands at 931m above sea level. The land is surrounded by tea as the wetland itself is situated in a tea estate. The wetland is in the form of a small stream and showed similar vegetation as seen in other…

Threats A unique feature of the wetland which was surveyed by the team in the long stretch was once or many years back a lake created by the British. The lake has now dried up and in its place is a small stream   which cuts across the valley and passes…

The wetland was dominant with Juncus glaucus. Viola serpans and Centella asiatica was found at the base of Juncus glaucus in the ground level. Rorippa indica was found in the small stream running in between the wetland. Zantedeschia was found in small discrete patches. The following birds were sighted of…

Governor shola

Rural We passed through a wetland through the Hungerford estate and this is like the top of the watershed. It is a Toda settlement – Kundah Kode mund. In local parlance wetlands are called “Hadda” and some of these may have been here before, according to a Toda elder. Lower…

Geology

Geologically, the Nilgiris belong to the Archean continental landmass of the Indian peninsula, composed of pre-Cambrian, mainly metamorphic rocks (gneisses, charnockites, and crystalline schist). Due to continental drift of the “Indian shield” which until late Jurassic times was a part of the ancient Gondwanaland – and coincident with the Himalayan…

Drainage

    The Nilgiris as a region can be divided into three strata of upper, middle and lower altitudinal zones. Each has a distinct vegetation and supports a variety of life forms and activities. The Nilgiris district can be divided into four basins Moyar Basin and its 24 rivers –…