Forest Divisions

The NBR is spread over a large within three states and varied climatic zones. The forest divisions are as follows: Coimbatore Division Nilgiri South Division Nilgiri South Division Erode Division Satyamangalam Division Nilambur Division Mudumalai Sanctuary Wyanad Division Palghat Division Chamrajnagar Division Project Tiger Bandipur Mysore Division Hunsur Division

Moist Deciduous¬† These forests are restricted to parts of Nilambur valley and even here they have been mostly converted to teak plantations. Wyanad plateau, the south western part of Nagarhole National Park, and western part of Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary also contain remnants of this type. Rainfall is around 3000-4000 mm…

Moist Deciduous¬† These forests are restricted to parts of Nilambur valley and even here they have been mostly converted to teak plantations. Wyanad plateau, the south western part of Nagarhole National Park, and western part of Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary also contain remnants of this type. Rainfall is around 3000-4000 mm…

Semi Evergreen These forests are moist and occur as a transition zone between the Evergreen Forests and the Moist Deciduous Forests. The trees are slightly lower in height as compared to Evergreen Forests. They are usually found in the lower or more accessible regions of the Evergreen Forests. Buttressed trees…

Forest Types

Evergreen Forest These forests form a major portion of the western part of the reserve and are characterized by giant trees, multilayered species variation and luxuriant vegetation. The giant lofty trees can go upto a height of 150 feet or more and are often supported by huge buttresses. These trees…

Badagas

The largest single ethno minority in the Nilgiri District of the NBR, this community numbers approximately 2,00,000. Principally tillers and herdsmen, now the community members are in all walks of life. They are supposed to have come to the Nilgiris, after the break up of the Vijaynagar Empire in 1565…

Sholigas

These hunter-gatherers are mainly located in the Karnataka part of the NBR, bordering towards Biligiri Rangan Betta. This area is covered with forests, which is their largest resource base for livelihood and sustenance. They also practice shifting cultivation but are now settled in villages, where they undertake seasonal agriculture. They…

Kadukuruba

This community mainly lives in the Mysore district of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, just north of the area where most Betta Kurumbas are located. It is difficult to distinguish between the two communities as they are very similar in their lifestyle. However, detailed studies of kinship reveal different communities. These…

Paniyas

This community is significant in the Wynad region. They number approximately 6000 and many of them were (are) bonded labourers to landlords in Wynad. They have now been rehabilitated but a large number do not have land and go back as labourers. In recent times, protests in the Muthanga area…

Chetties

Small but significant populations of Chettis are found in the region. These are both Wynad Chettis and the Mandhadan Chettis. The latter live in the Gudalur region around the Mudumalai Sanctuary. They practice paddy cultivation and have links with other communities of the region